SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES OF VARICOSE VEINS

Varicose veins are veins that have faulty valves. The valves of healthy veins open and close properly as blood is pumped through the body. If not addressed early, weak valves allow blood to pool in the veins causing bulges and/or spidery networks. Today's treatments for varicose are quick, simple and do not require hospitalization or extensive recovery, and in most cases, create minimal and often imperceptible scars.

 

Common Symptoms

  • Fullness, heaviness, aching and pain in the legs

  • Visible, swollen veins

  • Swelling of feet or ankles
  • Itching

Severe Symptoms

  • Leg swelling

  • Leg or calf pain after sitting or standing for long periods

  • Skin color changes of the legs or ankles
  • Dry, irritated, scaly skin that can crack easily
  • Skin sores (ulcers) that don't heal easily
  • Thickening and hardening of the skin in the legs and ankles

 

Causes

Varicose veins are more common in women than in men. Some of the most common factors are the following: 

  • Heredity 
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Menopause
  • Aging
  • Prolonged Standing
  • Leg Injury
  • Abdominal Straining

Varicose veins are unlikely to be caused by crossing the legs or ankles. Less commonly, varicose veins can be due to other causes, such as post phlebitic obstruction or venous and arteriovenous malformations. 

 

Pelvic Vein Reflux (PVR) In The Development Of Varicose Veins

 
static1.squarespace-1.png

More recent research has shown the importance of pelvic vein reflux (PVR) in the development of varicose veins. Hobbs showed varicose veins in the legs could be due to ovarian vein reflux and Lumley and his team showed recurrent varicose veins could be due to ovarian vein reflux. Whiteley and his team reported that both ovarian and internal iliac vein reflux causes leg varicose veins and that this condition affects 14% of women with varicose veins and 20% of women who have had vaginal delivery and have leg varicose veins. In addition, evidence suggests that failing to look for and treat pelvic vein reflux can be a cause of recurrent varicose veins. There is increasing evidence for the role of incompetent Perforator veins (or "perforators") in the formation of varicose veins and recurrent varicose veins.

 

Hyperhomocysteinemia And Varicose Veins

Varicose veins could also be caused by hyperhomocysteinemia in the body, which can degrade and inhibit the formation of the three main structural components of the artery: 

  • Collagen 

  • Elastin 

  • Proteoglycans

Homocysteine permanently degrades cysteine disulfide bridges and lysine amino acid residues in proteins, gradually affecting function and structure. Simply put, homocysteine is a "corrosive" of long-living proteins, i.e. collagen or elastin, or lifelong proteins, i.e. fibrillin. These long-term effects are difficult to establish in clinical trials focusing on groups of existing artery decline. Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome and Parkes-Werber syndrome are relevant for differential diagnosis.Another cause is chronic alcohol consumption due to the vasodilatation side effect in relation to gravity and blood viscosity. 

TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR VARICOSE VEINS AND SPIDER VEINS

61444216_l.jpg

First, it's important to know that all procedures are medically approved and have been used by hundreds of thousands of patients to relieve the pain and suffering caused by varicose veins.

Next, you should know that there is no guess work in the procedures we offer. There is no trial and error. Because we use ultrasound and uncover and understand the entire venous structure of your lower extremities - how the blood flows and which veins are diseased - we have an exact road map of how to treat you. As we perform our ultrasound evaluation, you will see and understand what is happening within your body. 


    Endovenous Thermal Ablation

    • This method uses high-frequency radio waves to create heat and close off the varicose veins.  

    Learn More about Endovenous Thermal Ablation →

    Sclerotherapy For Varicose And Spider Veins

    • A procedure that uses a solution injected into the varicose veins to scar and close them off. 

    Learn More About Sclerotherapy →

    Ambulatory Phlebectomy

    • Small incisions are made in the skin near the varicose vein. Then, a phlebectomy hook is used to carefully remove the diseased vein.

    Clarivein For Endovenous Thermal Ablation

    • We’ve recently introduced ClariVein, a specialty tool used for endovenous thermal ablation that increases the effectiveness of the procedure and facilitates a quick return to work and normal activities. Studies have shown that varicose vein procedures using ClariVein are simpler, faster, and result in up to 74% less pain than other minimally invasive vascular treatments.

    Ultrasound Guided Sclerotherapy

    • Here we use ultrasound technology to find larger varicose veins hidden beneath the surface of the skin and inject them with a solution to scar and close them.

     

    REQUIRED EXAMS AND TESTING

    Safe, painless non-invasive ultrasound determines the valve function in your leg veins. This ultrasound is the same as used in pregnancies and is completely safe and totally painless.

     

     

    INSURANCE COVERAGE

    Most Insurance companies cover the procedure when it is determined to be medically required but it's best to check with your insurance provider to be sure.

     

     

    OUR CENTER

    Our center provides exceptional care in treating all types of venous disease. The latest technology, equipment and experience allow the clinic's health care providers to diagnose and treat a large range of conditions. Whether taking advantage of the initial consultation, scheduling a limited ultrasound screening or a complete diagnostic exam, the right course of treatment is what every patient receives.